From September 2012 every student from the UK who goes to university anywhere in the UK will be getting a £9000 per year loan for their tuition fees and a yearly maintenance loan, somewhere between £5000 and £8000. That’s a lot of debt for a graduate to carry – or is it?
Recent surveys done by the Independent Student Finance Taskforce has revealed that around 60% of today’s students are anxious about paying back their loans because they simply don’t understand how it will work. Parents are worrying too and the culture of ‘I’m not even going to try for university because I don’t want to be in debt’ is becoming a problem.
Before you waste time worrying, or worse still, miss out on the chance to apply to uni because you think it’s going to be too expensive, start researching the facts. Our top 7 myths and the reality behind them is a good start.
Student fees are not paid up-front. All UK students get a tuition fee loan and a maintenance loan and only have to pay these back starting the April after graduation and then only if they earn over £21000 per year.
Real-life example:a student with fees of £8500 per year has that fee paid. All students have access to a maintenance loan and possibly also a partial maintenance grant if their household income is low. You won’t be rich at uni, but you won’t be penniless.
From 2012 every student has to pay a tuition fee, which is paid for by a student loan. Whether this is £3,000, £6,000 or £9,000 per year makes no difference to the size of repayments you will have to make. No graduate has to pay anything back until they earn more than £21,000 per year. When your salary goes over that, you then pay 9% of anything you earn beyond the £21,000.
Real-life example: If you get a job paying £28,000 per year, that’s what you pay tax on but you only have to pay back 9% of £7,000 each year to repay your student loan – which is £630 per year, or £52.50 per month.
Previously, the threshold for starting to pay back your student loan was £15,795, so you had to start paying it back earlier. The repayments were still calculated on a percentage of your income above that threshold so even if your older sibling has a lower loan overall, their initial payments after graduation would actually be higher than yours.
Real-life example:if your sibling earned £28,000 the year after graduation, they would have been paying back just under £2000 per year back in repayments – that’s £91.50 each month.
Student loans are not taken into account when your credit rate is determined, so having a student loan will not prevent you from getting a mortgage or taking out other loans.
Student loans are only paid back when you earn over the £21,000 threshold. If you start on a good graduate salary and then are made redundant and don’t work for a while, or take a lower paid job, your payments will stop. There are no debt collectors – you will never be forced to pay back your student loan unless you are earning the money to do so.
You won’t have to carry on paying until the entire amount and interest is paid back – all debts are going to be wiped after 30 years. If you earn less than £21,000 (or whatever the threshold rises to in subsequent years), you theoretically will never pay any of it back.
If you have well-off parents, or have inherited some money from a grandparent, it is tempting to think this is a good idea. But, think about it. You don’t know what you will end up earning, and you don’t know how the threshold will change. You may end up paying 100% of your tuition fee upfront but, eventually, only end up paying half of it back in repayments.